Sometimes, it can seem like lawyers speak an entirely different language. But for non-lawyers in a variety of fields, being familiar with a few legal terms can give them a competitive edge when discussing industry regulations or potential deals. Here’s a brief list of common legal terms and their meanings.
This term refers to an official request of some kind that is submitted to a court and seeks resolution, whether it’s a lawsuit, restraining order, or criminal charges. A cause of action is the reason behind filing a judicial request, such as gross negligence, harassment, or real estate fraud.
Damages are the total sum of money that is rewarded to a party after a lawsuit. An attorney can file a suit on behalf of an aggrieved party to seek compensatory damages, to make up for lost wages and emotional distress, or punitive damages, to punish the at-fault party for their missteps.
Malpractice describes a series of events in which one party commits an error or omission that injures someone they were caring for. In a medical context, this applies to healthcare professionals whose failure to follow established best practices harms a patient.
This refers to the practice of obtaining information in the early phases of legal proceedings. Both parties share their findings with each other, as well as performing additional research. During discovery, each side discloses the arguments and evidence they will use to support their position. It might seem counterintuitive to be so transparent, but discovery can help save time. If one party’s case clearly has more merit than the other’s, they can reach a settlement and avoid going to court.
Understanding these common terms and processes can make it easier to understand some of the jargon you encounter. However, if you need help with a legal matter, you should consult an experienced lawyer for guidance. At The Law Office of Arthur P. Skarmeas, LLC, our attorneys are licensed to assist clients in both Massachusetts and New Hampshire. To schedule an appointment, fill out our contact form or call (978) 887-0093.
Most adults know how auto and home insurance work, but not very many could tell you how title insurance works—or even what it is! Lenders require buyers to purchase title insurance when buying a home, and it protects both the buyer and the lender should it be discovered that a seller didn’t have the right to sell the property.
What Is Title Insurance?
Title insurance comes into play in the event that a previous seller didn’t have a legal right to transfer ownership of the property. If someone else legally owns the property, the buyer could lose the home and all the money paid into it. Most title insurance policies cost a one-time fee of around $1,000, and without it, a buyer and lender could lose hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Because title insurance doesn’t involve a payout, the title insurance company usually researches the title before the sale closes. This avoids surprises that might come up years down the road. The insurance company will research the property history, past mortgage liens, deeds, wills, and other legal documents. Even if the search is done before the sale, buyers with title insurance are still protected from issues down the road.
What Types of Policies Exist?
There are two types of title insurance policies: lender policies and owner policies. The lender policy pays off the remaining mortgage amount so the buyer won’t have to. An owner policy covers the amount of the unpaid portion of the loan, including interest, so the buyer isn’t out a house and everything he paid in. It’s wise to purchase both policies.
Why Is Title Insurance Necessary?
Property ownership disputes happen due to family estrangements, divorces, will contesting, and other reasons. Perhaps a seller inherited the home through a will, then sold it. Later, a new will is discovered, leaving the home to someone else. The new buyer is left in a nightmare situation since the seller didn’t have the right to transfer the property. Perhaps there’s a tax lien on a property sold years ago; without title insurance, the new owner would be responsible. There have even been times when renters have knowingly tried to sell homes they didn’t own! While this situation is rare, it makes the one-time fee for title insurance worth it.
If any of the situations above have happened to you, don’t leave it up to the title company to resolve. With or without title insurance, your family’s home is at stake. Real estate law is complicated, and it’s important to consult with a lawyer to explore your options. The Law Office of Arthur P. Skarmeas, LLC has over 20 years of experience handling complicated real estate and estate planning transactions, and we may be able to help you. We also assist new homebuyers through their purchase. Give us a call today at (978) 887-0093 to speak with our attorneys.
Real estate laws vary from state to state, and though some states don’t require a lawyer to assist during the home-buying process, hiring one can be beneficial. Since real estate transactions are complex and involve lots of paperwork, red tape, and negotiating, hiring the right lawyer can provide fewer uncertainties and a smoother, more informed purchase. Here are a few ways a real estate lawyer can help when buying a home.
The exact, final terms of any real estate deal must be recorded in an official contract for them to be legally binding. Real estate lawyers who are specially trained and experienced will be able to handle official documents more effectively and quickly than most homebuyers. They can also verify that the contract is adherent to all applicable laws, negotiate on behalf of the buyer, and identify issues within the contract that may affect the property in the future.
Performing a Title Search
One very important home-buying step is performing a title search, which assesses the laws governing the property. A title search also ensures that the property is being sold legally and free of any encumbrances (claim against the property), such as liens or judgments. A real estate lawyer can perform a title search quickly and identify whether the homebuyer will have to pay a lien or outstanding judgment before the sale can be completed. In addition, in a case where the homebuyer will have to pay for some sort of encumbrance, a lawyer can often negotiate with the seller for an overall price reduction on the property.
Real estate deeds and other paperwork must be officially filed at both the local and state level whenever a transaction takes place. Real estate lawyers are well versed in this process, so they can make sure that everything is filed quickly and correctly. They can also identify any building or zoning restrictions that may apply to the property, helping buyers navigate their local rules and regulations so that they can move into their new home as soon as possible.
At the Law Office of Arthur P. Skarmeas, LLC, our attorneys have years of experience in real estate law, estate planning, and other practice areas. For more information about how a real estate lawyer can help you throughout the home-buying process, contact us online or give us a call at (978) 887-0093.